The copyright law ensures the right or ownership of the creators of his works
for a certain time. If the creation has any commercial value, the creator should
get it .As poets, litterature, movie producers, software writers, web designers
all require money and web designers earn their living from creative work, they
invest labour, intellect, and money in it. They invest money for their labour and
merit of creative works. Therefore they should have the right to get their
money back either by selling the products or through exchange. The legal right
within the purview of copyright law has given them the advantages. Artists or
programmers get disappointed if they fail to gain any financial benefits for
their creative or intellectual properties. The implementation of copyright law
will save the creative workers from being deprived.

The law of ‘Right to Information’ is enacted and implemented in different
countries of the world to ensure the free flow of information and people’s right
to have information. ‘Freedom of thought, conscience, speech’ right to obtain
information has been assented as the fundamental right of the citizen’s in the
constitution of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh. As all powers in the
Republic belong to the people, a law called ‘Right to Information Act-2009’ has
been enacted to ensure the right of having information. Every citizen has the
right to get information from any authority whenever it is sought under the act,
and the concerned authority is compelled to provide the information if asked. If
people’s right to information is ensured through this act, the transperancy and
accountability of the government, autonomous, statutory organizations, and
NGOs funded by the government and foreign organisations will be increased,
and corruption will be reduced, and good governance will be established. The
right to information has been ensured under the Act and directives have been
given to the organisations to preserve information.

The Act has ensured access to important information of the state. The
accessibility of government-held information is an important part of
government transparency and accountability to its citizens and good
governance. However, seeking and receiving information that may jeopardise
the security of the state is not permissible in the Act. For example, the Act
does not allow access to questions before the public examinations because the

exam processes will become controversial. The secrecy of question papers is
secured through ‘Right to Information Act’. If technical, technological, or
scientific information is leaked out, the organisations stand to lose financially.
In this connection, keeping the information secret is not the Violation of the
rule. The most important factor is that any information that may pose a threat
to the security, unity and sovereignty of the state is not obligatory to reveal
under this act.

Under section 7 of the Act, the authority is not obliged to provide certain

information, such as:

(i) Any information that poses threat to the the security, integrity, and
sovereignty of Bangladesh; if disclosed;

(ii) Any information in relation to the foreign policy, disclosure of which may
jeopardise the relationship with foreign countries, international
organisations, local bodies, and organisations;

(iii) Any confidential information received from the foreign governments;

(iv) Any confidential sensitive business information, the disclosure of which
may violate the intellectual property right of the third-party and any
information in relation to Copy Right and Intellectual Property Right;

a. any advance information of tax, revenues, VAT, excise duty, budget, or
tax rate changes;

b. any advance information on changes in currency exchange rate or tax
rate;

c. any advance information in relation to administration and management
of banks and other commercial organisations;

(V) information, for the disclosure of which may hinder implementation of
law or increase the rate of crime;

(vi) Any information, the disclosure of which may hamper the safety and
security of population and may impede a due judicial process;

(vii) Any information, the disclosure of which may disturb the privacy of
individual personal life;

(viii) Any information, the disclosure of which may endanger individual life
and physical safety

(ix) Any classified information given to law enforcement agencies;

But, it has been laid down in section – 8(9) of the act, that, any information
should not be refused by the authority only for the reason that, it is related with
the information the disclosure of which is not compulsory rather the
information should be separated reasonably and delivered to the applicant.

Categories: SECURITY

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