The present government has undertaken a plan to establish ‘Digital Bangladesh’
for the first time. Bangladesh conquered its independence through enormous
bloodshed in the liberation war of 1971. We will be celebrating the golden
jubilee in 2021, and that is why we are determined to take out motherland to
the highest pick of success. ‘Digital Bangladesh’ is the means to materialise the materialise the dream.
First we should know what we mean by ‘analogue’ and ‘digital’. An analogue
signal is a kind of continuous and infinitely variable representation of data or record of daily temperature. Temperature varies throughout the day.
Representation of any small amount of change in the temperature through a
signal may be called an analogue signal. However, an analogue signal may not
always give information in precise accuracy and reliability.
A digital signal converts the information into numbers (digits) and displays and
stores the information in numbers. Hence, it is called digital signals. Since the
digital signal indicates the values of the quantity in a digital format, that is, in
numerical forms, it gives more accurate information than the analogue signal.
It is generally quicker and easier to read than the analogue one. For example, a
watch, with a high—precision movement of an hour hand, a minute hand and a
second hand, gives an analogue signal as a measure of time passing. By
contrast, a watch, with an electronic display of time in numbers, gives a digital
signal. the phrase ‘Digital Bangladesh’ is not used to indicate Bangladesh as a
‘Computer Oriented Country’. Its implication is more extensive. Digital
Bangladesh refers to a modern Bangladesh, developed with the help of ICT.
The objectives of Digital Bangladesh are to ensure better education and health
and more job opportunities and eradication of poverty. SIn order to fulfil these
objectives, it is important to bring changes to our old conventional mind—set
and be positive and inventive. The fundamental aim underlying Digital
Bangladesh is to ensure democracy, human rights, transparency, accountability,
and justice with the maximum utility of technology.The main thrust of the
objectives is to improve the standard of living of citizens’ from all social
classes. In order to fulfil the objective of Digital Bangladesh, the Government
has focused on four specific factors: human resource development,
participatory citizenship, civil services reformation, and inclusion of
technology in everyday life.
Bangladesh has started developing information and communication technology
late in comparison with other countries. That is why Bangladesh is
significantly lagging behind. Even though the significance of ICT was not
realised, nowadays ICT is getting importance properly. We are getting high
speed internet connection as we are connected to the submarine cable.
There is a positive side of the extension of technology. If a nation lags behind
at a moment in any particular technology, it does not mean it will stumble all
the time. It leapfrogs other countries. Bangladesh is trying her level best to be
equal with other countries by using all her might.
The infrastructure for information technology has started to be constructed in
the country by the intent of the present government. Setting up ﬁbre optic
connection throughout the country, an initiative is taken to provide the intemet
service to remote area. The number of telephone users was negligible in the
country just before one and half decade, but now every adult person uses a
phone. Information service centres have been opened at the union level, the
post offices of the remote areas are transformed into e-centres that provides the
service of mobile money trnsecaction. The district information cell and the
national information cell with thunion information centres are important
additions to the infrastructure of the country. The tasks like registration of
admission test, getting the result of public examination, and purchasing train
tickets are being done regularly on the mobile phone. ICT course is included in
the curriculum of school and college. This textbook is an example of that.
Computer science is being taught in the colleges and universities. The younger
generation of the country is joining the software companies along with setting
their own firms, and a large number of young people are strengthening the
economy of the country through outsourcing.
No one should come to a conclusion just listening to the successful story of
ICT that we have reached the zenith of our target. We have to walk a long way
to achieve the goal. As most of the people of our country live in the villages,
the first step to ‘Digital Bangladesh’ is bringing these Village people to the
network of ICT services. So, we have to build up large infrastructures. A
skilled manpower is required to avail of the opportunity of ICT to the utmost
level. So, we should develop expertise in this sector. The standard of education
of colleges and universities should be enhanced and a good number of students
should be skilled in ICT. Transparency should be ensured through
e-governance. The new generation should be encouraged to use their
innovative power, and a co-ordination between universities and information
and communication technology is must that we can make a real